Integrating Information and Communication Technology Use and Environmental Conservation in Livelihoods of Small Scale Dairy Farmers of Nandi and Uasin Gishu Counties

M. K. Beru, M. Kiptui, G. Cheserek


Dairy farming if not well managed can lead to soil erosion, rise in livestock- human diseases, overgrazing, encroachment into other land uses and negative impact on people’s livelihoods. This adverse effect of dairy farming livelihoods on the environment if not checked, may lead to environmental degradation which, will eventually lead to unsustainable livelihoods and food insecurity. Information and communication Technology (ICT) can be used to reduce such negative environmental impact. The small land holdings and fragmentation characterizing most farms in rural areas poses a challenge to dairy farming. It means the dairy farmers will have inadequate access to resources necessary to adequately practice dairy farming. In addition, small holdings may also pose environmental challenges to dairy farming. It will give a small room for sustainable farming system and a challenge in waste management. The objectives of this study were to assess the nature of environmental conservation information received by small scale dairy farmers via ICT gadgets and to examine the effect of environmental conservation information received on livelihoods of small scale dairy farmers. Findings showed that farmers sort information on proper dairy farming methods and environmental conservation. There is therefore need for small scale dairy farmers to be equipped with adequate knowledge on environmental conservation so as to maintain sustainable dairy farming livelihoods.


Environmental Conservation, Sustainable Livelihoods, Dairy Farming, ICT

Full Text:



Adhikari, R. B. (2002). ‘ICT and poverty’, presented at the Infosec, Malaysia, GKP Workshop on ICT and Poverty, June. Tokyo: Asia Development Bank Institute.

Batchelor, S. and Scott, N. (2005). Good Practice Paper on ICTs for Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction, Paris: OECD.

Beintema N. M. and Pardey, P. G., (2003). Recent Developments in African Agricultural Research and Developments. Paper presented at the second Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa (FARA) plenary, Dakar, 19-20 May.

Davis, K. E. and Asenso-Okyere, K. (2010). Innovative models of agricultural extension: Computers in Human Behavior, vol. 22 issue 5,pp. 816-829.

Due, J. M., Magayane. F. and Temu, A. A. (1997). Gender again-Views of female agricultural extension officers by smallholder farmers in Tanzania, World Development, 25(5):713- 725.

Duncombe, R. (2005). Using the Livelihood Framework to Analyze ICT Applications for Poverty Reduction through Microenterprise. Information Technologies and International Development, 3, 3, 81-100.

Everson R. E. (2001). Economic impacts of agricultural research and extension. In: Gardner, B. L., and G. C., Rausser (eds) Handbook of agricultural economics. Amsterdam North Holland/ Elseveir

Fengying, N., Z. Jieying L.B, Fujiang, L. and Xiaochao, T. (2011). Evaluation of a rural information project in Ningxia, China. In D. J. Grimshaw and S. Kala (Eds.), StrengtheningRural Livelihoods. The impact of information and communication technologies in Asia (pp.109-132). Practical Action Publishing Ltd

Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) (2011). Dairy Development in Kenya. A report written by Muriuki H.G. Rome Food and Agricultural Organization and International Dairy

Federation (FAO and IDF) (2011). Guide to good dairy farming practice. Animal Production and Health Guidelines. No. 8.Rome.

Gakuru, M., Winters, K., Stepman, F. (2009). Innovative farmers’ advisory services using ICT. Paper presented at W3C Workshop “Africa perspective on the role of mobile technologies in fostering social development”, Maputo, Mozambique. pp. 1-2

Government of Kenya (GoK) (2010). Kenya National Dairy Master Plan Ministry of Livestock Development. Government printer, Nairobi, Kenya.

Isinika, A. C., Ngetti, M., Kimbi, G. G. and Rwambali, E. G. (2005). Contemporary challenges of agricultural advisory services delivery in Tanzania. In: The 2nd National Agricultural Extension

Symposium in Tanzania. 24 -25 February 2005, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania. pp. 1 -13.

Jensen, R. (2007). ‘The digital provide: information (technology), market performance, and welfare in the South Indian fisheries sector’, Quarterly Journal of Economics 121 (3): 879–924.

Kenny, C. (2001). ‘Information and communication technologies and poverty’, TechKnowLogia 3 (4): 7 11


Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS), (2009). Kenya National Human Population and Housing Census.

Krejcie, R. V. and Morgan, D. W. (1970). Determining Sample Size for Research Activities.Educational and Psychological Measurement.

Langmia, K. (2005) ‘The role of ICT in the economic development of Africa: the case of South Africa’, International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Communication Technology (IJEDICT) 2 (4): 144-156

Lokanathan, S., H. de Silva and Fernando. I. (2011). Price transparency in agricultural produce markets: Sri Lanka. In D. J. Grimshaw and S. Kala (Eds.), Strengthening Rural Livelihoods. The impact of information and communication technologies in Asia (pp. 15-32). Practical Action Publishing Ltd

Lwoga, E. T., Stilwell, C. and Ngulube, P. (2011). “Access and use of agricultural information and knowledge in Tanzania.” Library Review 60 (5): 3–3.

Ministry of Agriculture (MOA) (2008). “Ministry of Agriculture Strategic Plan 2008 – 2012”. Nairobi, Kenya: Government Printer, 2008.

Moyi, E. D. (2003) Networks, Information and Small Enterprises: New Technologies and the Ambiguity of Empowerment. Information Technology for Development,10, 221-232.

Mudavadi, P. O., Otieno, K., Wambacha, J. W., Odenya, J. O., Odendo, M. and Njaro, O. K. (2001). Smallholder Dairy Production and Marketing in Western Kenya. A Review of Literature.

Richardson, D. (1996). The Internet and Rural Development: Recommendations for Strategy and activity – final report. Rome: Sustainable Development Department of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Rizvi, S. M. H. (2011). Life Lines: livelihood solutions through mobile technology in India. In Grimshaw D. J. and S. Kala (Eds.), Strengthening Rural Livelihoods. The impact of information and communication technologies in Asia (pp. 53-70). Practical Action Publishing Ltd

Rutarora, D. and Matee, A. (2001). Major agricultural extension providers in Tanzania. African Study Monographs, 22(4): 155-173, December 2001 155

Said S. A., Kiondo E. and Lyimo-Macha J. G. (2010). Contribution of Mobile Phones to Rural Livelihoods and Poverty Reduction in Morogoro Region, Tanzania. In The Electronic Journal on Information Systems in Developing Countries (EJISDC) (2010) 42, 3, 1-15.

Stringfellow, R., Coulter, J., Lucey, T., McKone, C. and Hussain, A. (1997). Improving the access of smallholders to agricultural services in sub-Saharan Africa: Farmer cooperation and the role of the donor community. Natural Resource Perspectives 20. Overseas Development Institute.

Tenywa M. M., Fungo, B., Tumusiime, F., Bekunda, M., Niyitengeka, M., Nakanyike, M. B., Katunguka, S., Muyanja C., Oketch S., Mwang’ombe, A., Chemining’wa, G., Olubayo, F., Mwonga, S., Ambula, M., Ndege, S., Nkanata, G., Onyango, C., Masinde, P., Grunwald, S., Karanja, G., Ndubi, J., Twinamasiko, E., Kashaija, I., Mutaka, N. R., Oryokot, J., Booth, R., Hawkins, R., Hesse, E., Vanlauwe, B., Ekwamu, A., Basse, S.,Wire, J. and Alluri K.(2008). “ICT in Agricultural Education, Research and Outreach in Uganda” in IAALD AFITA WCCA 2008 World Conference on Agricultural Information and IT. Pg. 841-848.

Terero, M. and von Braun, J. (2006). Information and Communication Technologies for Development and Poverty Reduction: The Potential of Telecommunications, Washington, DC: Johns Hopkins University Press and IFPRI.

World Bank (1999). World Bank agricultural extension projects in Kenya. Impact Evaluation Report No. 19523. Washington D. C: The World Bank.

World Bank (2009). Report on, “Information and Communication for Development (IC4D) Extending Reach and Increasing Impact”. Available online at


  • There are currently no refbacks.

© 2015 School of Environmental Studies all rights reserved. Permission should be sought from the publishers before any of this work or part of it is reproduced, transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, microfilming and recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system.