Adoption of Tree Nursery Practices as Strategic Enterprise at Millenium Villages Project, Siaya County, Kenya
The Millenium Villages Project (MVP) in Siaya County (Kenya) was part of a clusters of villages in 10 countries in sub-Saharan Africa established to catalyse the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) with tree nursery enterprise as part of its key activities. This study was conducted to determine the level of adoption of tree nursery practices in the MVP Project. Exploratory survey involving purposive sampling of 31% households in the MVP and use of semi-structured questionnaires, interviews and focus group discussions was employed to collect data following validity and reliability tests. The resulting data were subjected to descriptive analysis using SPSS version 22 and differences between independent variables tested by Chi-square analysis (a =0.05). The most preferred tree species were Cupressus lusitanica (66.9%), Eucalyptus grandis (56.4%) and Grevillea robusta (43.1%). Farmers were not able to propagate some preferred trees due to unavailability of seeds (e.g. Grevillea robusta), lack of knowledge on vegetative propagation of the tree species (e.g. Casuarina equisetifolia), slow growth (e.g. Acacia nilotica), and seeds taking too long to germinate (e.g. Mangifera indica). Tree nursery operators in the region used locally-sourced seeds as a means of raising seedlings, without taking into consideration the genetic attributes of the germplasm used. Tree nursery enterprise at the millennium village has great potential as an economic venture, with a total net annual return of Ksh. 4, 976, 854.00 above total cost, translating into Ksh 27, 496.50 per capita at the village level. The most important challenges facing the adoption of tree nursery enterprise at the MVP are pests, scarcity of water and lack of adequate space for nurseries. This study recommends certification of tree nursery operators and development of tree germplasm tracking systems for quality assurance and marketing purposes as well as intensification of extension services and awareness campaigns for increased afforestation and attainment of at least 10% tree cover in Siaya County, and the rest of the Country.
County Government of Siaya (CGS) (2013). Siaya County Integrated Development Plan, 2013 – 2017. Republic of Kenya. Nairobi. 203p.
Dedefo, K., Derero, A., Tesfaye, Y. & Muriuki, J. (2016). Tree nursery and seed procurement characteristics influence on seedling quality in Oromia, Ethiopia. Forests, Trees and Livelihoods 26(2), 96-110.
Government of Kenya (GOK) (2017). Kenya Youth Agribusiness Strategy 2017 – 2021: Positioning the youth at the forefront of Agricultural Growth and Transformation. Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock & Fisheries. Nairobi, 62p.
He, J., Ho, M. H. & Xu, J. (2015). Participatory Selection of Tree Species for Agroforestry on Sloping Land in North Korea. Mountain Research and Development 35(4), 318-327.
Kimanthi, H. & Hebinck, P. (2016). ‘Castle in the Sky’: Sauri Millennium Village in Reality. Global governance/politics, climate justice & agrarian/social justice: linkages and challenges. An international colloquium 4-5 February 2016. Colloquium Paper No. 38. International Institute of Social Studies (ISS) Kortenaerkade 12, 2518AX. The Hague, The Netherlands.
Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries (MoALF) (2016). Climate Risk Profile for Siaya. Kenya County Climate Risk Profile Series. The Kenya Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries (MoALF), Nairobi, Kenya.
Mulawarman, Roshetko, J. M., Sasongko, S. M. & Iriantono, D. (2003). Tree Seed Management: Seed Sources, Seed Collection and Seed Handling: A Field Manual for Field Workers and Farmers. TFRI Extension Series No. 152. International Centre for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF) and Winrock International. Bogor, Indonesia. 54 p.
Mutuo, P., Okoth, H., Makomere, C., Oule, J., Oduong, G., Ombai, W., Wariero, J., Akinyi, B., Palm, C. & Konecky, B. (2006). Annual Report for Sauri, Kenya. Millennium Villages Project, Kenya.
Oeba, V. O., Otor, S. C. J., Kung’u, J. B. & Muchiri, M. N. (2012). Modelling Determinants of Tree Planting and Retention on Farm for Improvement of Forest Cover in Central Kenya. International Scholarly Research Notices - Forestry.
Rutto, G. C. & Odhiambo, K. O. (2017). Socio -Economic Importance of Tree Nurseries in Eldoret Municipality, Uasin Gishu County (Kenya). Africa Environmental Review Journal 2(2), 146-154.
Sachs, J. D. (2012). From Millennium Development Goals to Sustainable Development Goals. The Lancet 379 (9832), 2206-2211
The Earth Institute (2007). Millenium Villages: A new Approach to fighting poverty. Website: http://www.millenniumvillages.org/about/index.htm
The Earth Institute (2015). About the Millennium Villages Project. Website: http://www.un.org/esa/coordination/Alliance/Earth Institute-The MillenniumVillages Project.htm
Trading Economics (TE). (2018). Kenya GDP per Capita: Forecasts 1960-2018. New York
United Nations (UN). (2017). Population Facts No. 2017/2. Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division. New York.
Whittet, R., Cottrell, J., Cavers, S., Pecurul, M. & Ennos, R. (2016).Supplying trees in an era of environmental uncertainty: Identifying challenges faced by the forest nursery sector in Great Britain. Land Policy 58: 415-426.
Zar, J. H. (1984). Biostatistical Analysis (2nd edition). London: Prentice Hall, inc.
- There are currently no refbacks.