Inhibiting Factors to Equalization of Access to Heath Opportunities among Persons Living with Physical Disabilities in Uasin-Gishu County – Kenya
Disability is one of the least visible yet most potent factors in various areas of marginalization. Majority of Kenyan citizens, living with physical disabilities, experience unfavorable social conditions while seeking health care. Globally, laws have been enacted on equalization of opportunities for the disabled persons including United Nations Convention on Rights of People with Disabilities (UNCRPD, 2006). Though Kenya is a state party to UNCRPD, laws on equalization of opportunities are yet to be fully integrated to the society. A study seeking to explore and investigate factors inhibiting equalization of opportunities to access of health services among persons with physical disabilities was carried out on persons with disabilities in Uasin-Gishu County, Kenya. The study was conducted at Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital (MTRH), Moi University (MU), Uasin Gishu County Government and Outreach Mobile clinic centers of persons with disabilities. The study adopted a mixed method approach involving 375 employed persons with physical disabilities, 4 key informants in selected institutions and 10 service providers in the outreach mobile clinics. Data was collected using Self-Administered questionnaires and interviewer guide. Chi-square tests and Odds Ratio were employed to determine factors associated with access to health services. Inhibiters of access to health care services were evaluated using a Logistic regression model.
Affirmative Action Bill (2000). The two thirds gender rule on elective or appointive positions.
Altman, B. M. (2001). Disability definition models classification scheme, & application. In G. L. Albrecht (Ed.), Handbook of Disability Studies. London: Sage Publications Inc.
Committee on a Comprehensive and Integral International Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights and Dignity of Persons with Disabilities Eighth session United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs Division for Social Policy and Development, New York, 14-25 August 2006
De Vaus, D. (2001). Research at grass roots for the social sciences and human science professions. Pretoria Van.
Gary, L. (2005). Encyclopedia of disability. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications. Bowe
Gathiram, N. (2007). Economic empowerment of physically disabled people in South Africa: challenges and prospects. Journal of social development in Africa, 22(1), 143.
Hammel, K. W. & Bury. (2003). Perspective on Disability and Rehabilitation. Contesting Assumption. Challenging Practice (1st ED). Churchill Livingstone: Elsevier.
Janet E. L. & Michael, A. S. (2009). Social Rights and The Relational Value of the Rights to Participate in Sport, Recreation and Play. 27 Boston University Journal of International Law, 249.
Katania, D. (2000). Prepare to care for the physically challenged. The special Patient.
Kenya National Bureau of Statistics, Kenya population and housing census 24/25 August 2009 Vol 2
Lin, J. D. & Yen. C. Y. (2010). Factors for healthy food or less-healthy food intake among Taiwanese adolescents with intellectual disabilities. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 31, 203–211.
Loeb, E. M., Edie, A. H., Saka, N., Munthali, A., Ngulube, T. J. & Van Rooy, G. (2006). Living conditions of people with disabilities in developing countries.
Milles, S. (2013). Strengthening disability and development work. Discussion paper. BOND Disability and development working group, UK.
National Council for Law Reporting, Kenya Law Reports (K.L.R). Constitution of Kenya (2010). The persons with disabilities ( Section 54). Published by the National Council for Law Reporting with the authority of the Attorney-General. www.kenyalaw.org.
National Council for Persons with disabilities (NCPD) . Persons with disabilities act No .14 2003
Oliver, M. (1996). Defining impairment and disability. In C. Barnes & G. Mercer (Eds.), Exploring the Divide (29-54). Leeds: The Disability Press.
Polit, D. F., Beck, C. T. & Hungler, B. P. (2001). Essentials of Nursing Research: Methods, Appraisal and Utilization (5th Edition). Philadelphia: Lippincott.
Skosana, D. S. (2006). A usability slides of two practical pamphlets designed to inform small scale farmers about best agricultural practice. Master thesis university of Pretoria.
Swain, J. & French, S. (2002). The relationship between disabled people and Health and welfare professionals. In G. L. Albrecht (Ed.), Handbook of Disability Studies (10-12). London: Sage Publications Inc.
Useh, U. (2000). Wheelchair accessibility of public buildings in the central business district of Harare, Zimbabwe. Disability and Rehabilitation, 23(11), 490-496.
WHO (2011). World Health Organization Statistical Report for People with Disabilities. Geneva: WHO.
- There are currently no refbacks.