Zoning is a public sector planning tool used to influence the future spatial distribution of people and activities in spaces of various scales in order to improve the built, economic and social environments of communities. This study was done within Eldor

O. D. Onganyaa, W. J. Wakhugu, S. S. China

Abstract


Zoning is a public sector planning tool used to influence the future spatial distribution of people and activities in spaces of various scales in order to improve the built, economic and social environments of communities. This study was done within Eldoret Town in Uasin Gishu County, Kenya. In Eldoret, developers and other human activities have encroached into roads, recreation sites, water overflow passageways, riparian areas and therefore extensive exposes the town households to disaster vulnerabilities/risks.  This has interfered with the areas’ prepared plans resulting in congestion, insufficient clean water, overcrowding and lack of accessible roads which has led to full destruction of assets as well as deaths when fire occurs. The study was therefore aimed at determining the effect of Land Zoning on Household Disaster Risk Management in Eldoret Town. The study targeted households in Kamukunji, Langas, Kapsoya as well as Kapsaos of Eldoret Town. The study sampled an overall of five hundred and fifty respondents. Descriptive survey and purposive research designs were used. Data were collected using questionnaires, interviews and focus group discussions. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistic, regression and correlation tests.  Land use Zoning (LUZ) had a combined influence of 73.0% on Household Disaster Risk Management (HDRM). Test results on the hypothesis indicated that there was a significant 70.9 positive relationship between LUZ and HDRM activity level. The study concluded that Land Use Zoning is useful when proposing and developing urban areas since LUZ has a significant positive influence on HDRM. The study recommended that the use of urban land use zoning as a way of enhancing management of household disaster risks.


Keywords


Urban Land use Zoning (LUZ), Household Disaster Risk Management (HDRM)

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